TRACKING DOMESTIC, INGOs, DONORS AND UN AGENCIES EXPENDITURES ON NUTRITION IN SIERRA LEONE
Action Against Hunger in Sierra Leone is looking for a consultant to track Government, INGOs, Donors and UN agencies expenditures for nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive interventions in 2017, as a continuation of a similar exercise that was carried out in May 2016 and 2017 respectively.
To create a tool that will allow the Sierra Leonean civil society to advocate for increased nutrition expenditure and hold the Government of Sierra Leone (GoSL) accountable for their commitments on nutrition funding (e.g. Nutrition for Growth commitment, London, 2013).
Sierra Leone is ranked 179/188 in the human development index and has a high rate of under-five mortality rate (120/1000). At the Nutrition for Growth Summit in 2013, the Government of Sierra Leone (GoSL) committed to reducing the prevalence of stunting from 25.7% to 11.7% and wasting from 6.9% to 2% by 2020. While the nutritional status has considerably improved since 2010, the latest National Nutrition Survey (SLNNS 2017) however shows a stagnation in the progress made, in particular in under-nutrition. The survey revealed an increase in prevalence of stunting from of 28.1% to 31.3% between 2014 and 2017. Furthermore, the 2017 NSS show increase in wasting to 5.1% and in underweight from 12.9% to 13.6%.
In addition, the 2017 NSS shows there is an improvement in the rates of Exclusive Breast-Feeding (EBF) from 32% before the EVD outbreak to 66.2%. However, the Government of Sierra Leone (GoSL) committed to increase the rate of exclusive breastfeeding to 70% at the Nutrition for Growth (N4G) Summit in 2013.
Furthermore, at the N4G summit in 2013, the GoSL committed to increase the Government’s financial allocation to nutrition and food security and creating a specific budget line for Nutrition in budgets of the Ministries of Health and Sanitation, Agriculture and other relevant Ministries. By joining the SUN Movement in 2012, the GoSL has shown its commitments towards scaling up nutrition which was soon reflected in the actions undertaken by the civil society. Since 2013 SL has an established SUN CSP, which encompasses of national and international organizations working on nutrition security, including local community-based organizations and religious leaders.
The need for improved tracking of nutrition investments was recognised right at the beginning of the SUN Movement in the country. Tracking budgets is essential for policy makers, as well as for citizens and donors to realize how the country is coping with its commitments. The data from the recent NNS shows that the GoSL needs to increase its nutrition investments in order to achieve its international commitments.
The Government needs reliable budget data to prioritise and plan expenditure, and to take sound decisions on finance allocation, disbursement as well as to monitor and evaluate policy implementation. In addition, budget tracking enables civil society to ask for more transparency of how the budgets are spent.
Scope of this Project
The scope of the project is to track the expenditure of Government Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) and UN Agencies that implement either nutrition specific or sensitive programmes. The Ministries of interest are: Ministry of Health and Sanitation (MoHS), Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Security (MAFFS), Ministry of Water Resources (MoWR), Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MEST), Ministry of Social Welfare, Gender and Children’s Affairs (MSWGCA), Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Ministry of Trade and Commerce and the Environmental Protection Agency. The UN agencies this study should include UNICEF, UNFPA, WFP, WHO and FAO and shall also include development banks like African Development Bank and World Bank etc. The expenditure of these ministries have been tracked during last year’s exercise and thus the purpose of this year budget tracking is to understand trends in nutrition sensitive and specific expenditures of the above mentioned ministries, INGOs and UN agencies.
Other objective identified in the scope of this project is to see the relation between budget expenditure and the policy priorities (are the funding targets met by the Government at national and international levels?). In addition, we aim to track how much the nutrition sensitive and specific interventions carried out by the relevant ministries are relying on national revenues as opposed to other sources of funding.
The methodology of the project will highly depend on existing tools developed for previous budget tracking, which is the SUN Methodology – that consist of three steps. They include: (i) identification of nutrition activities, (ii) assessment of activities whether they are nutrition sensitive or specific and (iii) allocation of expenditures (weighing). This methodology will be introduced to the consultant upon successful selection process.
Using last year’s budget tracking tools (Excel sheet + user guide) the consultant will be expected to update the same tool, but for 2017 expenditure, in order to identify trends in nutrition expenditure. As the tracking tool is already existing (including formulas), the consultant is expected to collect the raw data from the following sources:
- Annual budget for payroll (public document – MoFED website);
- Expenditure Report Accountant General Office (MoFED);
- Local Government Finance Department;
Expected data and analysis for each Ministry and overall:
- Percentage (%) of nutrition specific expenditure in GDP;
- Percentage (%) of nutrition specific expenditure in GGE;
- Percentage (%) of nutrition sensitive expenditure in GDP;
- Percentage (%) of nutrition sensitive expenditure in GGE;
- Percentage (%) of nutrition specific expenditure per capita;
- Percentage (%) of nutrition sensitive expenditure per capita;
- Percentage(%) of the FNSIP that was funded by Government ;
- Percentage (%) of UN Agency spending on nutrition specific and sensitive
- Percentage of nutrition sensitive expenditure per region
- Other outputs discussed with the consultant and upon request;
Action Against Hunger will share the existing tools and the last year’s report with the consultant.
LOGISTICS AND PROCEDURE
All logistic related issues will be the responsibility of the consultant/consultancy firm.
- Conduct interviews with the relevant persons that manages programmes related to nutrition in the key Nutrition line Ministries (MoHS, MAFS, MEST and MSWGCA)
- Organise a meeting/workshop in partnership with Action Against Hunger and Focus 1000 to announce the exercise to other relevant stakeholders for seeking their approval;
- Update the tool with new data;
- Organise a meeting/workshop to present the preliminary findings;
- Analyse findings, draw conclusions and formulate key recommendations indicating ways in which the budget can be made more responsive to current nutrition needs;
- Produce a report with analysis and recommendations;
Terms and conditions
The contract will be managed by Action Against Hunger in Sierra Leone, and the study supervised by Action Against Hunger Advocacy Officer in Sierra Leone.
Freetown, Sierra Leone. A number of working days may be spent at the consultant’s home base, if outside Sierra Leone, as will be agreed and authorised by Action Against Hunger Sierra Leone.
Timeframe and schedule of work
This task is expected to last for 20 working days and should ideally be completed by end of June 2018.
Expected output (IN TERMS OF MATERIAL)
A PowerPoint presentation presenting preliminary results/findings to relevant stakeholders during a validation meeting (before writing of the final report);
A final report of 30 pages max (excluding annexes). This report should clearly state findings, conclusions and recommendations.
The consultant is expected to draft a policy brief for further dialogue and dissemination of the results of the study.
Profile and expected SKILLS
Proven experience in conducting budget analysis in nutrition or other relevant sectors (health, food security, agriculture or WASH);
Proven experience working with NGOs is beneficial
Proven ability to present written material in a clear, concise and engaging manner to a wide range of different audiences
Excellent analytical skills and experience in quantitative data analysis;
Familiarity with the Sierra Leone context and/or the West Africa region would be an asset;
Excellent English writing skills
Commitment to the values, vision and mission of Action Against Hunger;
Interested candidates are requested to send their application including CV, an estimate budget (including daily rate) and preliminary consultancy proposal to the logistics department of Action Against Hunger (firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com) and Advocacy Expert at firstname.lastname@example.org by 31st May, 2018. Qualified national applicants are encouraged to apply. A financial proposition for the consultancy should include 10.5% of Tax. Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted.
Human Development Report. Available at: <http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2016_human_development_report.pdf> (PDF). United Nations Development Programme, 2016.
National Nutrition Survey, Ministry of Health and Sanitation and Action Against Hunger, 2017
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